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INSPECTION CODES AND REGULATIONS

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INSPECTION CODES AND REGULATIONS

Interpreting codes and regulations can be a daunting task even for the most experienced individual. We get numerous calls monthly from customers trying to clarify what is and isn’t required regarding inspection and certification of cranes and lift equipment. These questions are not easily answered, due to the differing locations the equipment may work in and/or the policies that may govern your equipment. The CSA, OH&S, CWB, OEM’S, along with COMPANY and SITE POLICIES and then a hierarchy in order of which to follow.

Even for the most skilled person understanding codes and regulations may vary not only between companies but also between individuals within an organization. Third party service providers are available and may be better situated to inform and assist in navigating what is required as per provincial regulations and Canadian standards.

Now we will try and demonstrate by using the following examples that are based upon typical asked industry questions. First, “does a man-lift need to be inspected and certified to be used in Alberta”?

In most cases an Aerial lift/Man-lift (Self-propelled work platform) would not need to be inspected based on the OEM, CSA, OH&S for Alberta, correct? No, not necessarily. Depending on the unit’s age, an incident or change of ownership with lost maintenance documents a man-lift requires structural inspection. Your company policy or the site policy that the unit may work on may also govern and require inspection and certification for the equipment.

The requirements from Alberta OH&S, the OEM, and CSA are the minimum to operate/inspect mobile equipment. Although in most cases it is not required for Man-lift to be certified annually, as an owner and operator of the equipment it may be beneficial to have a 3rd party inspection company inspect and certify the equipment to document its condition. It is the owner’s responsibility to ensure that the equipment is maintained and is safe to operate. The equipment’s condition and scheduled maintenance may come into question should an incident occur.

As the above chart indicates in Example 2, “What is required for using a rough terrain crane in Alberta”? If we follow the previous methodology discussed in the previous example the answer becomes clearer. It is a requirement for a Rough Terrain crane to be inspected annually by a competent person under the direct supervision of a professional engineer competent in the inspection of cranes in Alberta. The hierarchy in this case would be OH&S along with CSA stating similar inspection procedures, even if OEM and site-specific policies stated otherwise. It is still mandated that as a MINIMUM requirement to follow what is written in the code and regulations.

Now, if a site policy required inspection of the Rough Terrain crane in 6-month intervals to be compliant with policy then this would take precedence due to again (as long as the site is following Provincial regulations and Canadian Standards as a minimum).

Take into consideration capacities play a substantial role in regulations and standards. OH&S Act, Regulations and code (Part 6) Cranes, Hoists and lift Devices (1st sentence) 59(1). This Part applies to lifting devices, including cranes hoists, with a rated load capacity of 2000 kilograms or more.

As read, these regulations and Standards apply to cranes and lift equipment with 2000-kilogram capacity or more unless OEM and Site-specific policies mandate otherwise.

We hope this sheds some light on understanding rules, regulations and codes, we have just provided two examples. A greater understanding of the topic is attained by having all documentation handy, OEM manual, OH&S Acts, Regulations and Codes (per province) a copy of CSA Z150 (version/ amendments per province) and knowing the site-specific rules/ policy regarding cranes and lift equipment.

 (Although there are newer versions of the CSA Z150 code (2011 and 2016) they have not been currently adopted by Alberta OH&S).

Please note examples provided were for Alberta, other provinces could have other restrictions or follow other revisions of CSA Z150. Standards are also minimum requirements and the most stringent policy may govern. Also, beware that your certification documentation needs to be stamped for each province it is working in e.g., AB, SASK, BC, NWT, etc., or your piece of equipment may not be approved to work in that jurisdiction..

For other jurisdictions, different requirements will apply regarding inspection and certification of lift equipment. Stay tuned for further blogs regarding the requirements in BC and Saskatchewan! Still have questions? Give us a call at 780-466-9494 or email is at info@redengineering.com and we would be happy to assist you in navigating regulations in other jurisdictions. Red Associates Engineering offers equipment certifications in many jurisdictions across Canada including Alberta, B.C., Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Newfoundland, Yukon, and NWT/ Nunavit.

 

 

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